Some Therapies

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LAUGHTER THERAPY

Laughter therapy is a therapy done in groups or individually, where a person if made to laugh to relieve his stress and make him a happier human being.

Laughter therapy is based on the belief that ‘Laughter is the best medicine’. The human body cannot distinguish between natural and fake laughter. So even when a person is not laughing naturally, in the therapy session his muscles do get completely exercised and stress releasing ‘endorphins’ are released from them, which eventually lead to distressing.

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RELEASE THERAPY

Release Therapy is a psychotherapy used to treat individuals suffering from anxiety or stress. This therapy uses techniques to help the individual release their deep- seated emotions, be it pain, anger, sorrows, guilt, stress etc.

This therapy can be used for treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, deal with painful past experiences of childhood like abuse, neglect, parental-separation, etc.

The Release Therapy begins with deep breathing session. This breathing brings the emotions at a manageable level to help their release. The therapist then helps the client by providing him a platform to release his pent up emotions, like letting the client cry to release grief, kick or hit to release anger. Another way is to massage the tightened muscles to relax them and thereby release the emotions, like massaging the throat or chest to release grief, stomach to release anger, jaws to release fear etc.

When we suppress our emotions into our sub-conscious it leads to various conflicts which can affect our daily activities and living. So for a normal functioning it is very important for every individual to express and release all the pent up emotions freely.

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PLAY THERAPY

Play therapy is type of psychotherapy which involves ‘play’ to express the unconscious feelings. This form of therapy is helpful to treat children aged between 3 to 11 years, with behaviour problems, trauma, emotional problems, etc.

It is of two types

(1) Directive play therapy – In this, the client is allowed to express his emotions through play under the directions of the therapist. It involves more of talking with the client, asking him at various points as to “why he has done this?

What it signifies?” etc.

(2) Non-directive play therapy – In this, the client is given absolute free space to express himself through the play. The therapist plays a passive role and tries to decode the underlying meanings.

Sand therapy is the most famous type of play therapy where the client is asked to play and make things on the sand.

Play therapy is a self-healing psychotherapy which is based on the belief that an individual can self-heal by expressing his emotions and anxieties through play or work.

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Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT).

As the name suggest MBCT is a therapy that involves the mindfulness techniques in cognitive therapy.

Mindfulness is a practice of living in the present. Yoga, meditation, vipaasna are some of the mindfulness techniques that help one to be more aware of one’s bodymind and the moment that he is living in. MBCT focuses on developing a positive outlook by targeting negative thoughts. This therapy involves training the patient

1. To develop a healthy body-mind relationship

2. To develop a better understanding of self-emotions

3. To acknowledge the negative or destructive thoughts and feelings

4. To deal with them effectively and healthily

This therapy works well with recurrent depression, stress, anxiety and mood disorders, eating disorders.

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HYPNOSIS

Hypnosis is a state of consciousness in which the mind is more concentrated and focused on a specific object or memory. In a hypnotic state, the person is calm and more open to suggestions. Under hypnosis the person as such has very little awareness of anything except for the object or memory on which he is asked to concentrate.

Hypnosis is done with the help of a therapist and is used in various fields like military, forensics, psychology, etc. and even entertainment.

In psychology hypnotherapy is used for treating various problems like depression, post- traumatic stress, anxiety, eating disorders etc. The suggestions made to the client for positive reinforcement during the hypnotic state are known to be very effective.

          Vidhi Pipara Adolescent Psychologist – Guidance on personal or psychological problems in Ahmedabad,Gujarat and India.

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