Borderline Personality Disorder

BorderlinePersonalityDisorder

Personality traits are the enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to and thinking about the environment and one self that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts. When the personality traits are inflexible, when they deviate markedly from the expectations of an individual’s culture, and cause significant distress and functional impairment, then they are diagnosed as a personality disorder.

Borderline personality disorder is characterized by

1. Impulsivity and instability of affects, interpersonal relationships and self image.

2. There is an intense fear of abandonment, causing frantic efforts on the patient’s part to avoid it.

3. Intense anger and irritability

4. Self harm and suicidal ideation.

5. Extreme idealization and devaluation of others.

6. Severe disassociation in response to situations that are considered as painful, in order to avoid intense emotions.

People with borderline personality experience emotions more strongly and deeply than others.

Some times during stress they can develop psychotic features like hallucinations, ideas of reference etc. They show impulsivity in various aspects of life, like risky sex, binge eating etc.

Causes:

Sometimes a person may develop borderline personality disorder without any cause. In some cases the causes can be genetic. The most common cause of the development of this disorder is a past negative and traumatic experience mostly in childhood like abuse, parental separation, neglect etc.

Treatment:

The treatment is decided depending on the patient’s condition and willingness. Besides hospitalization and medications, psychotherapies are known to help most as they deal and target the root causes, and try to bring positive changes in the patients behaviour and thoughts.

          Vidhi Pipara Adolescent Psychologist – Guidance on personal or psychological problems in Ahmedabad,Gujarat and India.

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